Canadian Immigration has a new immigration target and there is to welcome over 400,000 immigrants per year
Canada is aiming to welcome 401,000 immigrants in 2021, another 411,000 in 2022, and 421,000 in 2023 accordingly.
Canada announced its 2021-2023 Immigration Levels Plan. Canada will target the highest level of immigration in its history.
Over the coming three years, Canadian immigration will aim to welcome the following level of new permanent residents:
-> 2021: 401,000 immigrants
-> 2022: 411,000 immigrants
-> 2023: 421,000 immigrants
The only time Canada welcomed over 400,000 immigrants in a year was in 1913 when it admitted 401,000 newcomers. It has never come close to this figure again.
The 2021-2023 Immigration Levels Plan aims to welcome about 60 percent of all immigrants under economic class programs, including through Express Entry and the Provincial Nominee Program.
The Immigration Levels Plan is the most important immigration announcement made by the Government of Canada each year. It outlines the number of new permanent residents Canada aims to welcome over the coming years, and what categories Canada aims to admit them under. Canada welcomes immigrants under the following categories: economic; family; refugee; and humanitarian and compassionate grounds.
Immigration plan 2021-2023 summary
Earlier this year, on March 12, the federal government announced Canada would aim to welcome over one million new permanent residents between 2020 and 2022. Days later, Canada had to shut its borders due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
As a result, Canada will likely fall well short of the 341,000 immigration target it set for this year, however it has been holding Express Entry draws throughout the pandemic that will result in Canada breaking its Express Entry record this year. In addition, the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) draws remain ongoing.
To compensate for the fall of immigration this year, Canada has set the most ambitious immigration levels plan in its history.
Why Canada is maintaining high immigration?
Canada is maintaining high levels of immigration to offset the negative economic and fiscal impacts of its aging population and low birth rate.
Canada has one of the world’s oldest populations, with nearly 18 percent of its population being age 65 and over. It also has one of the world’s lowest birth rates at 1.47 births per woman. As such, Canada will face challenges growing its economy and supporting government spending in the future. These challenges can be alleviated by welcoming more immigrants to support labor force and economic growth.
Since its founding in 1867, Canada has welcomed at least 300,000 immigrants in a year just five times. It is currently welcoming 0.9 percent of its population in immigrants, which is three times higher than the per capita newcomer intake in the United States.
At the same time, Canada has had a higher per capita intake in the past, welcoming 1 percent or more of its population in newcomers, something it regularly achieved in the decades prior to the First World War.
Canada’s immigration record was achieved in 1913 when it welcomed 401,000 immigrants which were over 5 percent of its population in newcomers. Today, a 5 percent newcomer intake would result in 2 million new immigrants arriving in Canada.