Canada PR ( What is Canada Permanent Residency ? )
A Canada permanent resident ( Canada PR ) is someone who has been given permanent resident status by immigrating to Canada, but is not a Canadian citizen. Permanent residents are citizens of other countries. A person in Canada temporarily, like a student or foreign worker, is not a permanent resident.
Canada Permanent Residence Visa is one of the most Popular visa category for skilled professionals in India and abroad. It is a 5 year Permanent residency visa that provides skilled foreign workers an opportunity to work and settle in Canada.
After 3 years of stay and work on the PR card of Canada, you can change the Canadian PR status to Canadian citizenship. As a permanent resident, you may travel outside Canada after you arrive. However, you must meet certain residency obligations to maintain your status as a permanent resident. To meet these residency obligations, you must be physically present in Canada for at least 730 days (2 years) in last 5-year period.
Canada Immigration is attracting many through its Recent opportunities and a Booming economy.
Benefits of Having a Canada PR?
Major benefits for those who become Canadian permanent residents:
A Booming economy with lots of jobs
Excellent medical and health care treatment for free
Free high-quality education ( To All Children Under Age of 18)
A safe country with a lot of space
Social services and social security benefits
A multicultural and welcoming society
Opportunity to invite parent’s post-settlement.
Canada announced its 2021-2023 Immigration Levels Plan. Canada will target the highest level of immigration in its history.
Over the coming three years, Canadian immigration will aim to welcome the following level of new permanent residents:
-> 2021: 401,000 immigrants
-> 2022: 411,000 immigrants
-> 2023: 421,000 immigrants
The only time Canada welcomed over 400,000 immigrants in a year was in 1913 when it admitted 401,000 newcomers. It has never come close to this figure again.
The 2021-2023 Immigration Levels Plan aims to welcome about 60 percent of all immigrants under economic class programs, including through Express Entry and the Provincial Nominee Program.
The Immigration Levels Plan is the most important immigration announcement made by the Government of Canada each year. It outlines the number of new permanent residents Canada aims to welcome over the coming years, and what categories Canada aims to admit them under. Canada welcomes immigrants under the following categories: economic; family; refugee; and humanitarian and compassionate grounds.
Immigration plan 2021-2023 summary
Earlier this year, on March 12, the federal government announced Canada would aim to welcome over one million new permanent residents between 2020 and 2022. Days later, Canada had to shut its borders due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
As a result, Canada will likely fall well short of the 341,000 immigration target it set for this year, however it has been holding Express Entry draws throughout the pandemic that will result in Canada breaking its Express Entry record this year. In addition, the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) draws remain ongoing.
To compensate for the fall of immigration this year, Canada has set the most ambitious immigration levels plan in its history.
Why Canada is maintaining high immigration?
Canada is maintaining high levels of immigration to offset the negative economic and fiscal impacts of its aging population and low birth rate.
Canada has one of the world’s oldest populations, with nearly 18 percent of its population being age 65 and over. It also has one of the world’s lowest birth rates at 1.47 births per woman. As such, Canada will face challenges growing its economy and supporting government spending in the future. These challenges can be alleviated by welcoming more immigrants to support labor force and economic growth.
Since its founding in 1867, Canada has welcomed at least 300,000 immigrants in a year just five times. It is currently welcoming 0.9 percent of its population in immigrants, which is three times higher than the per capita newcomer intake in the United States.
At the same time, Canada has had a higher per capita intake in the past, welcoming 1 percent or more of its population in newcomers, something it regularly achieved in the decades prior to the First World War.
Canada’s immigration record was achieved in 1913 when it welcomed 401,000 immigrants which were over 5 percent of its population in newcomers. Today, a 5 percent newcomer intake would result in 2 million new immigrants arriving in Canada.
In 2017, Canada reintroduced multi-year levels plans after the first attempt between 1982-1984 was disrupted by a recession and other reasons.
The return to multi-year plans is meant to help stakeholders such as urban planners forecast what steps they need to take to support the economic and social integration of newcomers.
As we are aware that higher levels of Canadian Government meant to alleviate the economic and fiscal pressures Canada is facing due to its aging population and low birth rate. More than 9 million Canadians will reach retirement age in the next decade which means Canada will become even more dependent on immigrants to maintain a healthy workforce and economy.
Canada is hoping on Economic class to lead the way
Canada will continue to admit the balance of its newcomers under the economic class, with 58 per cent set to arrive through the likes of Express Entry programs, the Provincial Nominee Program, Quebec’s programs, and other federal streams such as the Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP). Most of the growth will come from the economic class, as its target is going to rise by nearly 10,000 immigrants each year.
Compared with 2019, the government is increasing its PNP admission target by 20 per cent in 2022. Canada is also slated to welcome more immigrants under various pilots. It is aiming to welcome 5,200 under pilots such as the Agri-Food Immigration Pilot and the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot. It may end up nearly doubling its intake under these pilots by 2022.
Although the AIP is set to become a permanent program, the federal government is keeping its AIP targets stable at 5,000 during the plan.
Quebec’s levels are yet to be determined for 2021 and 2022, as the federal government waits to consult with Quebec in light of the major reforms the province is currently undertaking to its immigration system.
In addition, 26 per cent will be welcomed under the family class, while the remaining 16 per cent will be admitted on humanitarian and compassionate grounds. There will be no growth under the family class. The government has set the same target for family class immigration of 91,000 newcomers over the coming three years. There will be minimal growth for those admitted for humanitarian and compassionate purposes.
Check out Canada’s immigration levels: Past, present and future
Canada’s current immigration levels are high by historical standards. The country has welcomed 300,000 immigrants or more just five times since its founding back in 1867. On a per-capita basis, Canada’s levels are also high, as it is now welcoming 0.9 per cent of its population in immigrants. By way of comparison, the United States has welcomed an average of one million immigrants annually in recent times. However, that figure represents just 0.3 per cent of its population.
On the other hand, Canada’s current per capita intake is by no stretch the highest in its history. In the decades leading up to the First World War, Canada regularly welcomed at least one per cent of its population in immigrants. At its peak, Canada welcomed 401,000 immigrants or 5.3 per cent of its population. In modern terms, a 5.3 per cent intake would mean welcoming two million immigrants to Canada.
Most of the Immigrants in the year of 2019 arrived from India, China, Phippines and other Countries and Canada plans ius open for 175 Countries all over the world. Whereas India was leading in the list of newcomers, Immigrants from all over the world find canada a suitable place to have a career and quality of life.
Canada continues to increase its immigration levels to support its high living standards. The aging of its society will weaken labour force and economic growth as its fiscal costs in areas such as health care rise. Delivering quality health care to its aging population will become even more expensive. Immigration will help to grow the size of Canada’s labour force, giving Canada a steady supply of people to contribute to its economy as workers, consumers, and taxpayers.
Today’s announcement is part of a broader trend that will likely see Canada continue to boost immigration and eventually break the 400,000-newcomer threshold. The country is poised to welcome some 3.5 million immigrants this decade, compared with 2.8 million between 2010-2019.
All told, however, demographic and economic circumstances are just one of the six factors that will shape the future of Canada’s immigration levels.
By November, the Canadian government will table its next immigration levels plan, which may contain its target for 2023.
2020-2022 Immigration Levels Plan
What are the Requirements for PR Visa of Canada
Note:- There will be different Requirements according to different Candidates but those mentioned Below is mandatory.
- Education Transcripts
- Employment Experience Letters
- Qualifying WES Report
- IELTS Score Card
- Valid Passport
- Medicals & Police Clearance Certificate
- Proof of Identity
Other Documents that may be necessary:-
- The Copy of the Birth Certificate for the purpose of age verification
- The Proof of Studies both Canadian and non-Canadian education
- The Provincial or Territorial Certificate of nomination if you manage to get a nomination for yourself
- The Letter of Offer from the Employer in Canada if any
- The Use of a Representative Form [IMM 5476] along with application
- The Evidence of being spouse to someone if you are married
- The Marriage Certificate or other certifications validating your relationship with your spouse/common-law partner/same sex partner
- The Divorce Certificate (if divorced) or the Legal Separation Agreement (or living separately)
- Disclosure of any dependent kid coming/ not coming with you
- The Adoption Certificate if the kid is adopted
- The Proof of Relationship with the relative putting up in Canada as a PR holder/citizen
- Proof of the Status of that relative in Canada and the Residency/Citizenship Status of that Relative presently in Canada
- Sponsorship deed if sponsored by that relative in Canada
- Digital Photographs in the prescribed format
- Any other ADR (Additional Documentation Requirement) as asked by CIC
Apart from Above Documents Requirements there are some eligibility criteria of minimum requirements to immigrate to Canada:
- You need to score 67 points out of 100 points in Federal Skilled Worker Points System.
- Your work occupation should be listed in Canada’s demand list.
- You to score good bands in the IELTS exam.
- You need to maintain funds in your account.
- You need to produce papers for your employment, Education, Language proficiency, etc.
- Work Experience will play Important role when Applying for Permanent Resident Visa.
You must score 67 points out of 100 to meet Canada residence Visa requirements. If you are accompanied by your spouse, his/her points will also be taken into consideration for PR application.
You may coordinate with Our Senior Immigration Consultants for further clarification or assistance to improve your profile for Canadian Permanent resident visa.
OUR ICCRC CONSULTANT
“Canada Express Entry Immigration Service “
As of January 2015, Citizenship and Canada PR Immigration(CIC) has a new electronic system called Canada express entry immigration service to manage applications for permanent residence under certain economic immigration programs. This system is the first step to immigrate to Canada under these programs. Potential candidates can complete an EE profile at any time. Note that there is no deadline to complete a profile and there are no caps on the number of candidates that will be accepted to the pool.
Anyone who is accepted into the EE pool could get an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. Rounds of invitations to invite candidates to apply will take place regularly over the course of each year. We will only pick the top-ranking candidates no matter when they were accepted into the pool.
If you are invited to apply, you will have 60 days to submit a completed Application for Permanent Residence online. The first round of invitations took place in the last week of January 2015.
It is used to manage applications for permanent residence under these federal economic immigration programs:
- the Federal Skilled Worker Program,
- the Federal Skilled Trades Program, and
- the Canadian Experience Class.
Provinces and territories can also recruit candidates from the EE system through their Provincial Nominee Programs to meet local labour market needs.
Ministerial Instructions set out the rules for governing the EE application management system.
The EE system has two steps:
Step 1:- Potential candidates complete an online EE profile
Potential candidates ( Skilled Workers etc. ) will complete an online EE profile. This is a secure form that they will use to provide information about their:
- Work experience,
- Language ability,
- Education, and
- Other details that will help us assess them.
Those who meet the criteria of one of the federal immigration programs listed above will be accepted into a pool of candidates.
Anyone who does not already have a job offer supported by a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) (if you need one), or a nomination from a province or territory, must register with Employment and Social Development Canada’s (ESDC) Job Bank. Job Bank will help connect EE candidates with eligible employers in Canada.
Candidates are also encouraged to promote themselves to employers in other ways, such as using job boards, recruiters etc.
In most cases when there is a job being offered to a candidate, employers will need an LMIA from ESDC. The LMIA process ensures employers have made an effort to hire Canadians for available jobs. There will be no LMIA fee for permanent resident applications.
Note: Entry into the Express Entry pool does not guarantee a candidate will be issued an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence. Invited candidates still have to meet eligibility and admissibility requirements under Canada’s immigration law (Immigration and Refugee Protection Act).
Step 2:- The highest-ranking candidates in the pool will be invited to apply for permanent residence
Candidates will be ranked against others in the pool using a point-based system called the Comprehensive Ranking System. Points are awarded using the information in their profile.
Candidates with the highest scores in the pool will be issued an Invitation to Apply.
Candidates will be awarded points for:
- a job offer, and/or
- a nomination from a province or territory, and/or
- skills and experience factors.
A candidate can get additional points for:
- a job offer supported by a Labour Market Impact Assessment, or
- a nomination by a province or territory
These additional points will make a candidate rank high enough to be invited to apply at the next eligible round of invitations.
If someone is invited to apply, they will have 60 days to submit an online application for permanent residence.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada will process the majority of complete applications (meaning those with all the necessary supporting documents) in six months or less.
Candidates can stay in the pool for up to 12 months. If they do not get an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence within 12 months of submitting an EE profile, they may submit a new profile. If they still meet the criteria, they can re-enter the pool. This will prevent backlogs and ensure quick processing times.
“Federal Skilled Worker Program”
Federal skilled workers Program (FSWP) is one of the best immigration programs to get Canada PR in 2018. FSWP is a key category in Canada’s Express Entry Immigration System. The EE is an online point based immigration system launched by IRCC (Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada) in the January 2015.
The FSWP under Express Entry Program provides the pathway to get Canadian Permanent Residency (PR) as part of Economic immigration programs of Canada. The skilled workers can apply in Federal Skilled Workers Program in 2018 to obtain Canadian permanent residency.
The FSWP of Express Entry Program is a popular Canada Immigration program designed by the government to provide permanent settlement option for people on the basis of their abilities and skills. It is a point based visa which requires you to earn or score at least 67 points to qualify based on age, education, work experience, language proficiency, etc. parameter.
“Provincial Nominee Programs”
The Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) to Canadian regions and domains to designate people who wish to move to Canada and who are keen on settling in a specific region. These outsiders must have what it takes, instruction and work involvement to contribute to the economy of that area or domain, and must need to live there. Each region and region has its own “streams” (migration programs that objective certain gatherings) and criteria for their PNP. For instance, in a program stream, areas and domains may target understudies, representatives, gifted laborers or semi-talented workers. If you are selected under a region or region’s Express Entry stream,
- Meet their requirements
- Meet the base criteria of EE To apply for the PNP you must:
- Apply to a region or region for a nomination
- be named by that region or region, then
- apply to IRCC to wind up a changeless resident. Under a PNP EE stream, you should finish an Express Entry profile and demonstrate that you meet the base criteria for Express Entry.
What are the advantages of immigrating to Canada with family in 2020?
- Canada is an immigrant-friendly country with zero discrimination against immigrants.
- The government promised to provide equal rights, opportunities, and legal support to foreign immigrants similar to the citizens.
- Subsidized education, medical benefits for the entire family makes the country extremely favourable for raising kids.
A Canada Permanent Resident is someone who has been given permanent resident status by immigrating to Canada, but is not a Canadian citizen and for that a Canada Permanent Resident Visa is required Permanent residents are citizens of other countries. A person in Canada temporarily, like a student or foreign worker, is not a permanent resident. Refugees who are resettled from overseas become permanent residents through the Government-Assisted Refugee Program or the Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program.
Someone who makes a refugee claim in Canada does not become a permanent resident at that time. To become one, the Immigration and Refugee Board must first approve their claim. Then, they must apply for and get permanent resident status.
The permanent resident (PR) card
Your Permanent Resident Card (PR card) can be used to show that you have permanent resident status in Canada. If you travel outside Canada, you will need to show your card and your passport when you come back on a commercial vehicle, like an airplane, boat, train or bus.
Canada PRs traveling outside Canada who do not have a valid PR card, or who are not carrying it, need to apply for a permanent resident Card travel document before returning to Canada by commercial vehicle. Permanent Resident Card determines your Permanent residency status until you apply for Canadian Citizenship and get approved for it.
What permanent residents can do
As a permanent resident, you have the right to:
- get most social benefits that Canadian citizens receive, including health care coverage,
- live, work or study anywhere in Canada,
- apply for Canadian citizenship,
- protection under Canadian law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
You must pay taxes and respect all Canadian laws at the federal, provincial and municipal levels.
What permanent residents cannot do
You are not allowed to:
- vote or run for political office,
- hold some jobs that need a high-level security clearance.
Time Lived in Canada
As Already discussed, To keep your permanent resident status, you must have been in Canada for at least 730 days during the last five years. These 730 days don’t need to be continuous. Some of your time abroad may count towards the 730 days. See what time abroad counts towards your permanent resident status.
To help you track your time in Canada, use a travel journal. Other ways to know how long you’ve been in Canada:
- Ask a Canadian border officer when you enter Canada.
- Apply for or renew your PR card. We will tell you if you’re eligible.
Losing your permanent resident status
You don’t lose your permanent resident status when your PR card expires. You can only lose your status if you go through an official process.
You can lose your permanent resident status if:
- an adjudicator determines you are no longer a permanent resident after an inquiry or PRTD appeal;
- you voluntarily renounce your permanent resident status;
- a removal order is made against you and comes into force; or
- you become a Canadian citizen.
Even if you don’t meet the residency obligation, you are still a PR until an official decision is made on your status.
Voluntarily giving up (renouncing) permanent resident status
Losing your permanent resident status does not happen automatically.
There may come a time when you no longer want to be a permanent resident of Canada. If so, you can apply to voluntarily give up (renounce) your permanent resident status.
For example, if you:
- know you have not met your residency obligations by being outside of Canada for a long period of time, and
- would like to visit Canada, and
- do not want to wait for a visa officer to do a formal assessment of your permanent resident status
- would like to avoid processing delays at the Port of Entry
You may not be able to enter Canada until your permanent resident status is resolved either by receiving a permanent resident travel document or by voluntarily giving up your permanent resident status.
Migrate to Canada might proved to be one of the best decision for you because of the benefits residency in Canada can provide you after Immigration to Canada. Immigration to Canada might seems easy for you if you will go through our latest blog which covers the praise for residency in Canada and its Quality of Life. So If you wish to migrate to Canada then 2020 can be a very good time to finalize on this decision. Canadian Government has increased the target PR applicants for this year and it might be a possibility that Canadian Government want to end this program at earliest once its Population reach a stable point. So if you plan on Migrate to Canada, This is the best time.
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